Notable Alumni

This is a list of notable people who have studied at Trinity College. It is by no means exhaustive; corrections and suggestions for further additions are welcome. 
 
Name Lived          Mini-biography
George Gascoigne 1525-1577 Poet, dramatist - Jocasta, The Glasse of Government
John Dee 1527-1608 Alchemist, geographer, mathematician
Edward Coke 1552-1634 Lawyer, politician; Chief Justice of the King's Bench
Philemon Holland 1552-1637 Translator of Pliny, Plutarch, Xenophon.
Francis Bacon 1561-1626 Lawyer, philosopher, poet; Lord Chancellor
Henry Spelman 1562-1641 Antiquary - Reliquiae Spelmannianae
Robert Devereux, 2nd Earl of Essex 1566-1601 Soldier, courtier to Elizabeth I; executed for rebellion
John Winthrop 1588–1649 First governor of Massachusetts
Giles Fletcher 1588-1623 Poet - Christ's Victory and Triumph
Sir Robert Filmer 1588?-1653 Political writer - author of Patriarcha
George Herbert 1593-1633 Poet - The Temple; MP (Montgomery)
Thomas Randolph 1605-1635 Poet, dramatist
John Suckling 1609-1642 Poet, dramatist
Abraham Cowley 1618-1667 Poet, dramatist - The Mistress
Andrew Marvell 1621-1678 Poet -`Horatian Ode', The Rehearsal Transpros'd; MP (Hull)
George Villiers, 2nd Duke of Buckingham 1627-1687 Wit, dramatist - The Rehearsal; member of the `Cabal'
John Ray 1627-1705 Naturalist; created the principles of plant classification
John Dryden 1631-1700 Poet Laureate -Absalom and Achitophel; Translator of Virgil
Francis Willughby 1635-1672 Naturalist
Isaac Newton 1642-1727 Mathematician, physicist; MP (Cambridge University)
George Jeffreys 1645-1689 Judge - `Bloody Assizes'; Lord Chancellor
Nathaniel Lee 1649-1692 Dramatist - The Rival Queens
Charles Montagu, 1st Earl of Halifax 1661-1715 Founded Bank of England, 1694; Chancellor of Exchequer
John Montagu, 4th Earl of Sandwich 1718-1792 First Lord of the Admiralty; invented the 'sandwich'
John Manners, Marquess of Granby 1721-1770 Soldier of Seven Years' Way; commemorated in dozens of pub names
Richard Cumberland 1732-1811 Playwright - The Brothers, The West Indian
Thomas, Lord Erskine 1750-1823 Lord Chancellor, jurist
George Crabbe 1754-1832 Poet; did not matriculate
Richard Porson 1759-1808 Classical scholar
Spencer Perceval 1762-1812 Prime Minister 1809-1812 (Tory); assassinated
Charles, Earl Grey 1764-1845 Prime Minister 1830-1834 (Whig); Great Reform Act (1832)
John Lyndhurst 1772-1863 Lawyer; Lord Chancellor
Viscount Melbourne 1779-1848 Prime Minister 1834, 1835-1841 (Whig)
John, 3rd Earl Spencer 1782-1845 Known as Lord Althorp; Chancellor of the Exchequer
Adam Sedgwick 1785-1873 Geologist
George Gordon, Lord Byron 1788-1824 Poet - `She Walks in Beauty', Don Juan
Charles Babbage 1791-1871 Mathematician; Built the forerunner of modern computers
Kenelm Digby 1797-1880 Medievalist; Strong influence on Pre-Raphaelites
Thomas Babington, Lord Macaulay 1800-1859 Historian, essayist
William Henry Fox Talbot 1800-1877 Inventor of photography
George Airy 1801-1892 Astronomer, geophysicist
William Smith O'Brien 1803-1864 Irish Nationalist
Edward Bulwer-Lytton 1803-1873 Novelist - The Last Days of Pompeii; politician
James Challis 1803-1882 Astronomer; twice observed Neptune without noting it, before its discovery
Frederick D Maurice 1805-1872 Theologian, writer, Christian Socialist
Augustus de Morgan 1806-1871 Mathematician; symbolic logic
Richard Chenevix Trench 1807-1888 Poet, Archbishop of Dublin; Theorist of English Language
James Spedding 1808-1881 Scholar; editor of Bacon's Works
Monckton Milnes 1809-1885 Politician, man of letters
Alfred, Lord Tennyson 1809-1892 Poet Laureate - Maud, In Memoriam
Edward Fitzgerald 1809-1883 Poet - `The Rubá iyá t of Omar Khayyá m'
Thomas Wright 1810-1877 Antiquary, medievalist, founding member of Camden and Shakespeare Societies
William M. Thackeray 1811-1863 Novelist - Vanity Fair, Henry Esmond
Tom Taylor 1817-1880 Scottish dramatist; editor of Punch
Thomas Wade 1818-1895 Diplomat; invented Wade-Giles Chinese transliteration
Arthur Cayley 1821-1895 Mathematician; non-Euclidean geometry, invented matrices
Francis Galton 1822-1911 Scientist; meteorology, heredity
Brooke Westcott 1825-1901 Canon of Westminster, Bishop of Durham
William Waddington 1826-1894 French Prime Minister 1879; archaeologist
William Harcourt 1827-1904 Liberal statesman; home secretary, Chancellor of the Exchequer
Hugh Childers 1827-1896 Australian statesman, then British Chancellor of the Exchequer
Joseph Lightfoot 1828-1889 Bishop of Durham; theologian
Edward White Benson 1829-1896 Archbishop of Canterbury, 1883-1896
James Clerk Maxwell 1831-1879 Physicist; electromagnetism
John, Lord Acton 1834-1902 Historian
Henry Campbell-Bannerman 1836-1908 Prime Minister 1905-1908 (Liberal)
Michael Foster 1836-1907 Physiologist; MP (London University)
Henry Sidgwick 1838-1900 Philosopher, major proponent of women's colleges
George Otto Trevelyan 1838-1928 Historian; MP; Father of G. M. Trevelyan
Richard Jebb 1841-1905 Greek scholar
Edward VII 1841-1910 Reigned 1901-1910
Lord Rayleigh 1842-1919 Physicist; isolated the inert gas argon
Frederick Pollock 1845-1937 Jurist
Edmund Gosse 1849-1928 Poet, critic - On Viol and Flute
Arthur Balfour 1848-1930 Prime Minister 1902-1905 (Conservative)
F. W. Maitland 1850-1906 Legal historian
Charles Stanford 1852-1924 Composer, organist
James Frazer 1854-1941 Anthropologist; writer - The Golden Bough
A. E. Housman 1859-1936 Poet - A Shropshire Lad; Classical scholar
A. N. Whitehead 1861-1947 Philosopher, mathematician
George, Lord Carnarvon 1866-1923 Egyptologist; funded the discovery of Tut'ankhamun's tomb
Freeman Freeman-Thomas, Marquess of Willingdon 1866-1941 Administrator; Viceroy of India
Stanley Baldwin 1867-1947 Prime Minister 1923-24, 1924-29, 1935-37 (Conservative)
Erskine Childers 1870-1922 Writer, Irish Nationalist - The Riddle of The Sands
Ralph Vaughan Williams 1872-1958 Composer - Sea Symphony, Pilgrim's Progress
Prince Ranjitsinhji 1872-1933 Cricketer; Indian Prince
G. E. Moore 1873-1958 Philosopher
Aleister Crowley 1875-1947 Writer and 'Magician'; 'the wickedest man alive'
Walter Greg 1875-1959 Bibliographer and Editor of Marlowe and Shakespeare
Geoffrey Winthrop Young 1876-1958 Doyen of British mountaineering; author of many books on the subject
Charles Rolls 1877-1910 Co-founder of Rolls-Royce; aviator
Muhammad Iqbal 1877-1938 Islamic poet and philosopher
James Jeans 1877-1946 Astronomer, mathematician; stellar evolution
Godfrey Harold Hardy 1877-1947 Mathematician; A Mathematician's Apology
Lytton Strachey 1880-1932 Biographer - Eminent Victorians; Bloomsbury Group
Leonard Woolf 1880-1969 Writer; husband of Virginia; Bloomsbury Group
Clive Bell 1881-1964 Art and literary critic; husband of Vanessa
Alfred Radcliffe-Brown 1881-1955 Social anthropologist
A. A. Milne 1882-1956 Novelist - Winnie the Pooh
Arthur Eddington 1882-1944 Astronomer
John Littlewood 1885-1977 Mathematician; Fourier Series, Zeta Function
Harry Philby 1885-1960 Explorer of Arabia; father of Kim
G. I. Taylor 1886-1975 Physicist, mathematician; Fluid dynamics, crystals
C. D. Broad 1887-1971 Philosopher
Srinivasa Ramanujan 1887-1920 Mathematician; analytic number theory, elliptic integrals
Sydney Chapman 1888-1970 Mathematician, geophysicist; kinetic theory, geomagnetism
Ludwig Wittgenstein 1889-1951 Philosopher
Jawaharlal Nehru 1889-1964 First Prime Minister of India, 1949-1964
George VI 1895-1952 Reigned 1936-1952
Vladimir Nabokov 1899-1977 Russian and English novelist - Lolita
Christopher, Lord Hinton 1901-1983 Nuclear engineer; constructed Calder Hall, the first large scale reactor
George 'Gubby' Allen 1902-1989 Cricketer - captained England; played in Bodyline series
Frank Plumpton Ramsey 1903-1930 Philosopher, mathematician, economist
Otto Frisch 1904-1979 Nuclear physicist; first used the term 'nuclear fission'
Erskine Childers 1905-1974 President of the Irish Republic, 1973-74
John Lehmann 1907-1987 Poet, man of letters; inaugurated The London Magazine
Peter Scott 1909-1989 Artist, ornithologist; Olympic sailor (1936)
Nicholas Monsarrat 1910-1979 Novelist - The Cruel Sea
Enoch Powell 1912-1998 Statesman; Minister of Health, 1960-3
Willie Whitelaw 1918-1999 Statesman; Home Secretary, 1979-83
John Robinson 1919-1983 Theologian; Bishop of Woolwich, Dean of Trinity
Raymond Williams 1921-1988 Marxist critic, novelist - The Country and the City
Rajiv Gandhi 1944-1991 Prime Minister of India, 1984-1989

This list was originally compiled by Dr Sean Blanchflower, and is reproduced here by his kind permission.